Colliers International | London

Planning Usage

The table below is intended as general guidance only. Reference needs to be made to the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 (as amended) and The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995 (as amended).

Code Title Included Permissions
A1 Retail / Shops Shops, retail warehouses, post offices, ticket and travel agencies, sale of cold food for consumption off premises, hairdressers, funeral directors, hire shops, dry cleaners, internet cafes Permitted change to a mixed use as A1 & up to 2 flats

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A2,A3,B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A2 Financial and Professional Services Banks, building societies, estate and employment agencies, professional services (not health or medical services), betting offices Permitted change to Class A1 where there is a display window at ground floor level and to a mixed use for any purpose within Class A2 & up to 2 flats

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A3 Restaurants Restaurants Permitted change to Class A1 where there is a display window at ground floor level and Class A2

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A4 Pubs and Bars Public houses, wine bars or other drinking establishments Permitted change to A1, A2 or A3

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A5 Hot Food Takeaway For the sale of hot food for consumption off the premises. Permitted change to A1,A2 or A3

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
B1 Business / Office a) Office other than a use within Class A2

b) Researchand development of products or processes

c) For any industrial process (which can be carried out in any residential area without causing detriment to the amenity of the area)
Permitted B1 change to Class B8 subject to total floorspace being no greater than 500 sq.m

B1(a)office permitted change to C3 subject to: prior approval process; previous use timings; limitations and exempt areas (until 30.05.16)

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1,A2,A3 (interchangeable with notification)

Permitted change from B1 to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
B2 General Industrial Industrial process other than that falling within Class B1 Permitted change to Class B1 and Class B8. Permitted change to B8 is subject to total floorspace being no greater than 500 sq.m
B8 Storage and Distribution Use for storage or as a distribution centre Permitted change to Class B1 subject to total floorspace being no greater than 500 sq.m
C1 Hotels Hotels, boarding and guest houses (where no significant element of care is provided) Permitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
C2 Residential Insitutions Residential accommodation and care to people in need of care, residential schools, colleges or training centres, hospitals, nursing homes Permitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
C2a Secure Residential Institutions Prisons, young offenders’ institutions, detention centres, secure training centres, custody centres, short term holding centres, secure hospitals, secure local authority accommodation, military barracks Permitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
C3 Dwellinghouses Use as a dwellinghouse (whether or not a main residence) by

a) A single person or by people to be regarded as forming a single household

b) Not more than six residents living together as a single household where care is provided for residents; or

c) Not more than six residents living together as a single household where no care is provided to residents (other than use within Class C4)
Permitted change to C4
C4 Houses in Multiple Occupation Use of a dwelling house by 3-6 residents as a ‘house in multiple occupation’ (HMO)

NB Large HMOs (more than 6 people) are unclassified therefore sui generis
Permitted change to C3
D1 Non-residential Institutions Clinics, health centres, creches, day nurseries, non-residential education and training centres, museums, public libraries, public halls, exhibition halls, places of worship, law courts Temporary permitted change
(2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
D2 Assembly and Leisure Cinemas, concert halls, bingo halls, dance halls, swimming baths, skating rinks, gymnasiums, other areas for indoor and outdoor sports or recreations not involving motorised vehicles or firearms Permitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful/use)

Temporary permitted change (2 years) to A1,A2,A3,B1 (interchangeable with notification)
Sui Generis (uses which do not fall within the specified use classes above) Includes theatres, large HMO (more than 6 people sharing), hostels, petrol filling stations, shops selling and/or displaying motor vehicles, scrap yards, retail warehouse clubs, nightclubs,
launderettes, taxi or vehicle hire businesses, amusement centres, casinos, funfairs, waste disposal installations
No permitted change except casino to D2