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Planning Usage

The table below is intended as general guidance only. Reference needs to be made to the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 (as amended) and The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995 (as amended).

CodeTitleIncludedPermissions
__ClubA venue capable of hosting guests to enjoy music, dance and entertainment.
A1Retail / ShopsShops, retail warehouses, post offices, ticket and travel agencies, sale of cold food for consumption off premises, hairdressers, funeral directors, hire shops, dry cleaners, internet cafesPermitted change to a mixed use as A1 & up to 2 flats

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A2,A3,B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A2Financial and Professional ServicesBanks, building societies, estate and employment agencies, professional services (not health or medical services), betting officesPermitted change to Class A1 where there is a display window at ground floor level and to a mixed use for any purpose within Class A2 & up to 2 flats

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A3Restaurants RestaurantsPermitted change to Class A1 where there is a display window at ground floor level and Class A2

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A4Pubs and BarsPublic houses, wine bars or other drinking establishmentsPermitted change to A1, A2 or A3

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A5Hot Food TakeawayFor the sale of hot food for consumption off the premises.Permitted change to A1,A2 or A3

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
B1Business / Officea) Office other than a use within Class A2

b) Research and development of products or processes

c) For any industrial process (which can be carried out in any residential area without causing detriment to the amenity of the area)
Permitted B1 change to Class B8 subject to total floorspace being no greater than 500 sq.m

B1(a)office permitted change to C3 subject to: prior approval process; previous use timings; limitations and exempt areas (until 30.05.16)

Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1,A2,A3 (interchangeable with notification)

Permitted change from B1 to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
B2General IndustrialIndustrial process other than that falling within Class B1Permitted change to Class B1 and Class B8. Permitted change to B8 is subject to total floorspace being no greater than 500 sq.m
B8Storage and DistributionUse for storage or as a distribution centrePermitted change to Class B1 subject to total floorspace being no greater than 500 sq.m
C1HotelsHotels, boarding and guest houses (where no significant element of care is provided)Permitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
C2Residential InsitutionsResidential accommodation and care to people in need of care, residential schools, colleges or training centres, hospitals, nursing homesPermitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
C2aSecure Residential InstitutionsPrisons, young offenders’ institutions, detention centres, secure training centres, custody centres, short term holding centres, secure hospitals, secure local authority accommodation, military barracksPermitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
C3DwellinghousesUse as a dwellinghouse (whether or not a main residence) by

a) A single person or by people to be regarded as forming a single household

b) Not more than six residents living together as a single household where care is provided for residents; or

c) Not more than six residents living together as a single household where no care is provided to residents (other than use within Class C4)
Permitted change to C4
C4Houses in Multiple OccupationUse of a dwelling house by 3-6 residents as a ‘house in multiple occupation’ (HMO)

NB Large HMOs (more than 6 people) are unclassified therefore sui generis
Permitted change to C3
D1Non-residential InstitutionsClinics, health centres, creches, day nurseries, non-residential education and training centres, museums, public libraries, public halls, exhibition halls, places of worship, law courtsTemporary permitted change
(2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
D2Leisure & AssemblyCinemas, concert halls, bingo halls, dance halls, swimming baths, skating rinks, gymnasiums, other areas for indoor and outdoor sports or recreations not involving motorised vehicles or firearmsPermitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful/use)

Temporary permitted change (2 years) to A1,A2,A3,B1 (interchangeable with notification)
Sui Generis(uses which do not fall within the specified use classes above)Includes theatres, large HMO (more than 6 people sharing), hostels, petrol filling stations, shops selling and/or displaying motor vehicles, scrap yards, retail warehouse clubs, nightclubs,
launderettes, taxi or vehicle hire businesses, amusement centres, casinos, funfairs, waste disposal installations
No permitted change except casino to D2
ECommercial, Business and ServiceIn 11 parts, Class E more broadly covers uses previously defined in the revoked Classes A1/2/3, B1, D1(a-b) and ‘indoor sport’ from D2(e):

E(a) Display or retail sale of goods, other than hot food
E(b) Sale of food and drink for consumption (mostly) on the premises
E(c) Provision of:
E(c)(i) Financial services,
E(c)(ii) Professional services (other than health or medical services), or
E(c)(iii) Other appropriate services in a commercial, business or service locality
E(d) Indoor sport, recreation or fitness (not involving motorised vehicles or firearms)
E(e) Provision of medical or health services (except the use of premises attached to the residence of the consultant or practitioner)
E(f) Creche, day nursery or day centre (not including a residential use)
E(g) Uses which can be carried out in a residential area without detriment to its amenity:
E(g)(i) Offices to carry out any operational or administrative functions,
E(g)(ii) Research and development of products or processes
E(g)(iii) Industrial processes